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Aleksandr Dugin Biography
Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin was born on 7 January 1962 is a Russian political philosopher, analyst, and strategist, known for his fascist views.
Born into a military family, Dugin was an anti-communist dissident during the 1980s.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Dugin co-founded the National Bolshevik Party with Eduard Limonov, a party which espoused National Bolshevism, which he later left.
In 1997, he published Foundations of Geopolitics, in which he outlined his worldview, calling for Russia to rebuild its influence through alliances and conquest, and to challenge the rival Atlanticist “empire” led by the United States.
Dugin continued to further develop his ideology of neo-Eurasianism, founding the Eurasia Party in 2002 and writing further books including The Fourth Political Theory (2009).
Dugin also served as an advisor to State Duma speaker Gennadiy Seleznyov, and a leading member of the ruling United Russia party, Sergey Naryshkin.
He was the head of the Department of Sociology of International Relations at Moscow State University from 2009 to 2014, losing the position due to backlash over comments regarding clashes in Ukraine.
Dugin also briefly served as chief editor of the pro-Kremlin Orthodox channel Tsargrad TV when it launched in 2015.
Dugin’s influence on the Russian government and on president Vladimir Putin is disputed, with Dugin, who has no official ties to the Kremlin, sometimes being referred to as “Putin’s brain” or “Putin’s Rasputin”, by elements of the media, responsible for shaping Russian foreign policy, while others contend that Dugin’s influence is exaggerated and his goals more extreme than the Kremlin’s, an impression given by correlations between his work and Russian foreign policy.
Early Life and Education
Dugin was born in Moscow, into the family of a colonel-general in the Soviet military intelligence and candidate of law, Geliy Alexandrovich Dugin, and his wife Galina, a doctor and candidate of medicine.
His father left the family when he was three, but ensured that they had a good standard of living, and helped Dugin out of trouble with the authorities on occasion.
He was transferred to the customs service due to his son’s behaviour in 1983.
In 1979, Aleksandr entered the Moscow Aviation Institute, but was expelled. Afterwards, he began working as a street cleaner and used a forged reader’s card to access the Lenin Library and continue studying.
However, other sources claim he instead started working in a KGB archive, where he had access to banned literature on Masonry, fascism and paganism.
In 1980, Dugin joined the “Yuzhinsky circle” [ru], an avant-garde dissident group which dabbled in Satanism and other forms of the occult.
In the group, he was known for his embrace of Nazism which he attributes to a rebellion against his Soviet raising, as opposed to genuine sympathy for Hitler.
He adopted an alter ego with the name of “Hans Siever”, a reference to Wolfram Sievers, a Nazi researcher of the paranormal.
Studying by himself, he learned to speak Italian, German, French, English and Spanish.
He also discovered the writings of Julius Evola in the V. I. Lenin State Library, and adopted the beliefs of the Traditionalist School.
Aleksandr Dugin Career
In the 1980s, Dugin was a dissident and an anti-communist. Dugin worked as a journalist before becoming involved in politics just before the fall of communism.
In 1988, he and his friend Geydar Dzhemal joined the ultranationalist group Pamyat (Memory), which would later give rise to Russian fascism.
He helped to write the political program for the newly reformed Communist Party of the Russian Federation under the leadership of Gennady Zyuganov.
Dugin published Foundations of Geopolitics in 1997; this work has been used as a textbook in the Academy of the General Staff of the Russian military, and alarms political scientists in the US, sometimes referenced by them as “Russia’s Manifest Destiny”.
Also in 1997, his article, “Fascism – Borderless and Red”, described “national capitalism” as pre-empting the development of a “genuine, true, radically revolutionary and consistent, fascist fascism” in Russia.
He believes that it was “by no means the racist and chauvinist aspects of National Socialism that determined the nature of its ideology.
The excesses of this ideology in Germany are a matter exclusively of the Germans … while Russian fascism is a combination of natural national conservatism with a passionate desire for true changes.”
The “Waffen-SS and especially the scientific sector of this organization, Ahnenerbe,” was “an intellectual oasis in the framework of the National Socialist regime”, according to him.
Dugin soon began publishing his own journal entitled Elementy, which initially began by praising Franco-Belgian Jean-François Thiriart, belatedly a supporter of a “Euro-Soviet empire which would stretch from Dublin to Vladivostok and would also need to expand to the south, since it require(s) a port on the Indian Ocean.”
Consistently glorifying both Tsarist and Stalinist Russia, Elementy also indicated his admiration for Julius Evola.
Dugin also collaborated with the weekly journal Den (The Day), previously directed by Alexander Prokhanov.
Dugin was named chief editor of Tsargrad TV by businessman Konstantin Malofeev soon after the TV station’s founding in 2015.
Death of daughter
On 20 August 2022, Dugin’s daughter Darya Dugina was killed apparent car bombing when the car she was driving exploded near Bolshiye Vyazemy, a suburb of Moscow.
The car was reported to have been her father’s, with investigators stating that her father may have been the intended target.
News reports have linked her death to opponents of the Ukraine War. Ukranian government sources have denied any involvement in her death, saying that “We are not a criminal state like the Russian Federation, much less a terrorist one.”
Dugin’s first wife was Evgenia Debryanskaya, a Russian activist. They have a son, Artur, whom they named in honor of Arthur Rimbaud.
Dugin had a daughter, Darya, with his second wife, philosopher Natalya Melentyeva.
On 11 March 2015, the United States Department of the Treasury added Dugin to its list of Russian citizens who are sanctioned as a result of their involvement in the Ukrainian crisis; his Eurasian Youth Union was targeted too. In June 2015, Canada added Dugin to its list of sanctioned individuals.
On 3 March 2022 the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned the outlet Geopolitika [ru] due to its alleged control by Dugin.
Additionally, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Dugin’s daughter Darya on the basis of her work as chief editor of the website United World International (UWI).
According to the United States Department of the Treasury, UWI was developed as part of Project Lakhta, owned by Yevgeny Prigozhin, who is held responsible for part of the Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.
Aleksandr Dugin Net Worth
Aleksandr Dugin is a Russian political philosopher, analyst, and strategist, known for his fascist views. He has an estimated net worth of $3 millions.